The effectiveness of four common sampling methods for terrestrial cave-dwelling invertebrates across an environmental gradient at two caves in Alabama

The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy and effectiveness of four sampling techniques commonly employed to detect and monitor terrestrial subterranean invertebrates while concurrently assessing the impacts of habitat (e.g., entrance, twilight, and dark zones) and seasonality. We continue to learn more about the distribution of obligate cave fauna, their evolutionary histories, and ecosystem dynamics from exploration and biological inventories. Collectively, these data can be used to prioritize species and populations for regional conservation and management efforts. However, knowledge of the efficiency and effectiveness of sampling protocols is critical when comparing data generated from different studies.